Prague is the capital and largest city ofthe Czech Republic. Itisthe 15th largestcity in the European Union. Itisalsothehistoricalcapitalof Bohemia. Situated in thenorth-westofthe country on the Vltava river, the city ishome to about 1.26 millionpeople, whileits largerurbanzone isestimated to have a populationofnearly 2 million.
The city has a temperateclimate, withwarmsummers and chillywinters.
Prague has been a political, cultural, and economic centre ofcentralEuropewithwaxing and waningfortunesduringitshistory. Foundedduringthe Romanesque and flourishing by the Gothic, Renaissance and Baroque eras, Prague wasthecapitalofthe kingdomof Bohemia and themain residence ofseveral Holy Roman Emperors, most notablyof Charles IV (r. 1346–1378).Itwasanimportant city to the Habsburg Monarchy and its Austro-Hungarian Empire. The city played major roles in the Bohemian and Protestant Reformation, the ThirtyYears’ War, and in 20th-century history as thecapitalof Czechoslovakia, duringboth WorldWars and the post-warCommunistera.
Prague ishome to a numberoffamousculturalattractions, many ofwhichsurvivedtheviolence and destructionof 20th-century Europe. Mainattractionsincludethe Prague Castle, the Charles Bridge, OldTown Square withthe Prague astronomicalclock, the JewishQuarter, Petřín hill and Vyšehrad. Since 1992, theextensivehistoric centre of Prague has beenincluded in the UNESCO list of WorldHeritageSites.
The city boasts more than ten major museums, alongwithnumeroustheatres, galleries, cinemas, and otherhistoricalexhibits. Anextensivemodern public transportationsystemconnectsthe city. Also, itishome to a widerangeof public and privateschools, including Charles University in Prague, theoldest university in CentralEurope.
Prague isclassified as an “Alpha-” global city according to GaWC studies.Praguerankedsixth in the Tripadvisor world list ofbestdestinations in 2016. Itsrichhistorymakesit a populartouristdestination, and the city receives more than 6.4 millioninternationalvisitorsannually, as of 2014. Prague isthefifth most visited European city after London, Paris, Istanbul and Rome.